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The Spring Festival, also known as Chinese New Year, is a traditional and highly anticipated festival in China. It is a time when families come together, vibrant celebrations take place, and various customs and traditions are observed. The significance and joy of Chinese New Year make it a favorite festival among the Chinese people.

During the Spring Festival, one of the most iconic and exciting activities is the performance of dragon and lion dances. These dances, accompanied by the loud beats of drums and cymbals, attract crowds of people who gather to watch and cheer. The dragon and lion dances symbolize good luck, fortune, and the warding off of evil spirits. The intricate and synchronized movements of the dancers, as they mimic the movements of these mythical creatures, create a captivating and energetic atmosphere.

Another important tradition during Chinese New Year is the practice of decorating homes with red lanterns, couplets, and other festive decorations. Red is considered a lucky color in Chinese culture and is believed to bring good fortune. The vibrant red lanterns hanging outside homes illuminate the streets, creating a warm and festive ambiance. It is also common for families to gather for a special reunion dinner on Chinese New Year\'s Eve, where they enjoy a variety of traditional dishes and exchange well wishes.


The origin of the Spring Festival can be traced back to ancient times. It originated from the practice of offering sacrifices to gods and ancestors at the beginning of the agricultural year. This practice, known as \"岁首祈年祭祀演变而来\" (evolved from the prayers for a bountiful year), was performed to express gratitude and seek blessings for a fruitful harvest and a prosperous year ahead. Over time, the Spring Festival evolved into a more elaborate and festive celebration, encompassing a wide range of customs and traditions.





The tradition of celebrating the Chinese New Year, or Spring Festival, has a history of over 4000 years. It is believed to have originated from the agricultural practices of ancient China. In the agricultural society, the end of one year marked the completion of the harvest season, and the beginning of a new year symbolized the start of a new agricultural cycle. To express gratitude to gods and ancestors for their blessings during the past year and to pray for a prosperous year ahead, people started to hold sacrificial rituals and celebrations.


Chinese New Year is associated with numerous customs and traditions that are deeply rooted in Chinese culture and folklore. Here are some of the common customs observed during this festive season:

  1. Reunion Dinner: Families gather for a special dinner on New Year\'s Eve, enjoying traditional dishes and celebrating the beginning of the new year together.
  2. Dragon and Lion Dances: Colorful and lively dragon and lion dances are performed to ward off evil spirits and bring good luck.
  3. Firecrackers and Fireworks: The loud sounds and bright lights of firecrackers and fireworks are believed to scare away evil spirits and bring good fortune.
  4. Red Envelopes: It is customary for elders to give red envelopes containing money to children and younger relatives as a symbol of blessings and good luck.
  5. Visiting Relatives and Friends: People visit their relatives and friends to exchange New Year greetings and well wishes.
  6. Eating Dumplings and Glutinous Rice Cakes: Dumplings and glutinous rice cakes are traditional foods eaten during Chinese New Year, symbolizing wealth and good fortune.
  7. Spring Cleaning: Houses are thoroughly cleaned before the arrival of the new year to remove any bad luck and make way for good luck.
  8. Lantern Festival: The Lantern Festival marks the end of the Spring Festival celebrations. People hang lanterns, solve riddles, and enjoy colorful parades.
  9. Cultural Performances: Various cultural performances, such as traditional music, dance, and martial arts, are held during Chinese New Year.
  10. Decorations: Red lanterns, couplets, and other festive decorations are hung to create a joyful and auspicious atmosphere.






Chinese New Year, also known as Spring Festival, is a time for families to come together and celebrate. On New Year\'s Eve, it is a tradition for families to gather and have a special reunion dinner known as \"团圆饭\" (tuán yuán fàn) in Chinese.

The reunion dinner is a significant part of Chinese New Year celebrations as it symbolizes unity, harmony, and the blessings of family. It is a time for family members to set aside their busy routines and enjoy a delicious meal together, reflecting on the past year and looking forward to the future.

During the reunion dinner, various traditional dishes are prepared, each with their own symbolic meaning. For example, fish is commonly served as it represents abundance and prosperity. Dumplings, which resemble ancient Chinese currency, are also a popular dish, symbolizing wealth and good luck.

This cherished tradition not only strengthens family bonds but also serves as a reminder of the importance of family values and togetherness. It is a time to express gratitude for the support and love received from family members throughout the year.